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Bone Cancer

Have you been misdiagnosed
by a medical professional?

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    Polite and friendly.

    I just want to say how grateful I am for Carol to be helping me and fighting by my side. She was really polite and friendly which made me feel very at ease and very comfortable to go ahead with this claim. Thank you so much.

    - Jack David

    Great attention to detail and response rate.

    Oakwood have explained everything regarding my medical negligence claim. They have stayed in touch, returned calls and taken my information in detail and anything I have remembered after the fact they have also taken that down in detail too.

    - Phil Mc.

    Polite and caring.

    Joseph the solicitor who spoke with me, was very polite, caring and actually listened to me which is rare for a solicitor to do. He explained everything to me so that I could understand him.

    - Karen Bemrose

    Kind and compassionate.

    Sara was very kind and compassionate towards me, she really understood the pain I'm going through during this difficult time of my life. And for that I thank you.

    - Scott Reid

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    The Experts in Bone Cancer Claims

    Oakwood Solicitors Ltd’s specialist Medical Negligence department has an in-house team of solicitors and legal professionals dedicated solely to this area of law.

    With over 24 years of combined experience, we are dedicated to assisting clients who have suffered physically, mentally, and financially as a result of negligent medical treatment. The specialist team pursues an array of medical negligence claims ranging from prescription errors and misdiagnosis to complex birthing injury and spinal claims and everything else in between.

    How do I make a claim?

    It is vital that bone cancer of all kinds are diagnosed as soon as possible to ensure the best survival rate, and to allow isolation of the cancer before it spreads. The survival rate can then often drop.

    Bone cancers can be misdiagnosed for a variety of reasons:

    • Unclear symptoms of the disease
    • Radiographs appear normal
    • Findings on radiographs may have such small changes that they are not detectable
    • Human error
    • Insufficient training of medical staff
    • Inadequate resources for GPS such as the correct imaging equipment

    If you feel that a medical professional has misdiagnosed your cancer for any of the above reasons, then you could be entitled to compensation. The team at Oakwood Solicitors Ltd will be able to give you free advice on the prospects of your case and whether you would be eligible to make a claim.

    You have three years from the misdiagnosis to pursue a case, so do not delay.

    How long will my case take to run?

    Given the complexities involved in pursuing clinical negligence claims, they can often take 18-24 months to conclude and longer if court proceedings have to be issued. Our investigations start by obtaining all relevant records and protocols before approaching independent medical experts for their opinion.

    We will provide you with regular updates on the progress of your case to ensure that you are kept up to speed.

    How much is my claim worth?

    It is often difficult to value clinical negligence claims at their outset given the complexities involved. However, we will pursue two forms of compensation for you:

    General Damages icon

    Firstly – we will pursue compensation known as general damages. This is an award of money for the pain and suffering you have endured as a result of the negligence.

    Special Damages Icon

    Secondly – we will pursue compensation known as special damages. This is an award of money for all of your out of pocket expenses such as travel expenses, medication costs, loss of earnings, treatment costs both past and future. This list is not exhaustive and is very case-specific.

    How is my case funded?

    The majority of clinical negligence cases are funded by a Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA), more commonly known as a ‘no-win, no-fee’ agreement. This means that there will be nothing to pay upfront and nothing to pay if the claim has been lost. If you are successful in your claim, a deduction of 25% of damages will be taken to cover the success fee and the shortfall in legal fees.

    It may also be the case that an After The Event (ATE) insurance policy will be obtained to cover the costs of expensive medical reports and investigations. If an ATE insurance policy has to be obtained the cost of the same will be discussed with you at the appropriate point. The cost of the ATE insurance policy is again taken from your damages and only payable if you are successful with your claim.

    Why use Oakwood Solicitors Ltd to make your clinical negligence case?

    We have a dedicated team of solicitors and paralegals who have many years’ experience between them in running cases of this nature. They are highly trained to deal with all aspects of clinical negligence.

    Oakwood Solicitors Ltd wishes to ensure that clients are not overwhelmed by legal jargon or medical terms that they don’t understand and aims to allow the claims procedure to be as transparent as possible.

    For example cases and settlements that we’ve successfully handled, read this article on our website.

    Frequently Asked Questions About Bone Cancer

    What is bone cancer?

    Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that initiates in the bones. This needs to be differentiated from secondary bone cancer that starts in another part of the body before passing to the bones. There are around 550 new cases diagnosed each year.

    What are the symptoms?

    Bone cancer can affect any bone in the body, but it mainly affects the legs and upper arms.

    The main symptoms are:

    • Lumps on a bone
    • Weak bones that tend to break more easily
    • Swelling and redness
    • Pain that gets worse over time
    • Fatigue
    • High temperature
    • Weight loss
    • Sweating

    What are the causes?

    As with a lot of cancers, it is often impossible to advise why a cancer manifests itself. There are times, however, that bone cancer might be triggered due to:

    • Radiation – exposure to radiotherapy
    • Paget’s disease – some people with this disease may get bone cancer but the majority would not
    • Li-Fraumeni Syndrome – people with this condition have a faulty gene that causes the growth of cancerous cells
    • Hereditary retinoblastoma

    How is it diagnosed?

    There are a variety of imaging tests that can assist in locating a bone tumour. The tests that medical experts would suggest depend on the signs and symptoms.

    Tests could include:

    • Bone scan
    • Computerized tomography (CT)
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Positron emission tomography (PET)
    • X-ray

    The best way to identify bone cancer is to take a biopsy of the bone and then send it for testing. This will then allow the medical professionals to decide what kind of bone cancer a patient has.

    There are two different kinds of biopsies:

    • Core Needle – a thin needle is inserted under anaesthetic (either local or general) to take a small sample of tissue
    • Open Biopsy – a cut is made in the affected bone and a small sample of tissue is removed, usually under general anaesthetic

    The biopsy will then allow doctors to decide whether the tissue is cancerous and then what kind of cancer a patient may have. It also shows whether a cancer is likely to grow slowly or more rapidly.

    Variations of bone cancer

    • Osteosarcoma – the most common form of bone cancer. The cancer cells actually produce bone and it often occurs in children and teenagers. It occurs mainly in the bones of the legs or the arm. It affects young children and adults and can often be misdiagnosed as ‘growing pains’ or muscle strains.
    • Chondrosarcoma – the cancer cells produce cartilage. It occurs mainly in the pelvis, legs, or arms and affects middle-aged and older adults.
    • Ewing sarcoma – these tumours are formed in the pelvis, legs, or arms of children and young adults.

    As some teenagers enter puberty they may develop bone tumours due to their rapid growth.


    Each bone cancer is very different and treatment will depend on the kind of cancer, a patient’s present health, what they decide to choose, and the phase of that cancer. The three main treatments include:

    • Surgery – the main goal is to ensure that all limbs are preserved. This is not always possible but the objective is to remove all of the cancerous tumour. The surgery usually would involve removing the tumour as well as part of the surrounding tissue to prevent any spreading. The surgeon may have to replace part of the removed bone with bone from another part of the body or will use a piece of metal or plastic.
      It may be necessary to remove all or part of a limb in amputation surgery. An artificial limb may then have to be used or fitted.
    • Chemotherapy – a patient could receive anti-cancer drugs through an intravenous drip. This form of treatment is not always suitable for every bone cancer. It can give a list of side effects such as nausea, diarrhoea, ulcers in the mouth, lethargy, immunosuppression, hair loss, and infertility. Most of these effects would disappear once treatment has been completed.
    • Radiation Therapy – a patient could be treated with X-Rays or other forms of high powered beams of energy that would kill the cancer cells. The rays would be aimed at the specific location of the bone cancer. This therapy could be used before surgery to prevent amputation or after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells. The side effects include irritation of the skin, nausea, hair loss, lethargy, and joint pain.

    Long term complications prognosis

    The prognosis for bone cancer patients will depend on the kind of cancer and how far it is has spread.

    Bone Cancer StatsBone Cancer StatsBone Cancer Stats


    Who is affected?

    The cause of bone cancers is not known. It is thought that some cancers are due to hereditary conditions but others may be due to radiation exposure.

    Charities/Useful Websites

    Bone Cancer Research Trust – leading charity fighting bone cancer. Their mission is to save lives and patients’ outcomes with research into bone cancer.

    Skeletal Cancer Action Trust – dedicated to the advancement of bone cancer research and providing the best care and support at each stage.

    What should you do if you think you have a claim?

    If you believe or feel you have a claim, contact us for a free initial consultation regarding your options.

    Carol Cook
    Carol Cook — Head of Department

    Carol joined Oakwood Solicitors in May 2017 to lead the Medical Negligence department. She handles a wide range of Clinical and Dental Negligence claims and has a specialist interest in Birth Injuries. Carol has years of experience in handling complex clinical and Dental Negligence claims securing substantial amounts of damages for her clients. Carol studied her law degree (LLB honours) at Salford University.

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