Oakwood Solicitors

Tattoos and Permanent Makeup

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What are Tattoos and Permanent Makeup?

Tattoos are markings made on the dermis layer of the skin by way of ink and needle. The markings made by a tattoo artist create a permanent design, yet may fade over time.

Permanent makeup (also known as micro-pigmentation) employs the method of tattooing to create designs that resembles makeup. Popular permanent makeup includes eyeliner, filled eyebrows, and lip lining.




Tattooing is thought to be an ancient art that has continued throughout the centuries across multiple cultures for a range of spiritual and tribal reasons. Today within the UK alone, it is thought that one in five adults has a tattoo.

The use of tattooing in cosmetic procedures is similarly thought to date back many thousands of years. The Egyptians were known to use cosmetic tattoos to shape their eyebrows in order to signify social status.

How Do Tattoos and Permanent Makeup Work?

Tattoos create permanent designs as the particles of ink inserted into the second layer of skin, the dermis. The particles are too big to be broken down by our white blood cells and as such, remain where they are placed.

The reason receiving a tattoo hurts is that nerves and blood vessels are located in the dermis and the needle used during the process of tattooing can rupture the same.



Who Should Conduct a Tattoo or Permanent Makeup Procedure?

Currently, the regulations surrounding the requirements for tattoo and piercing parlours vary depending on your location within the UK. For instance, in Scotland, shop owners require a licence, yet the individual technicians do not, meaning that anyone within the establishment can perform a tattoo and/or piercing.

Most regions across England require artists to register for a licence for both themselves and a premises, but no specific training or qualifications are required to obtain one.

Providers of permanent makeup do not have to be registered with the independent regulator for health services in England, although they may need to be registered with their local Council.

When choosing a tattoo and/or permanent makeup artist, it is recommended to research the provider and find an individual with good reviews for high-quality results, as well as good reviews for cleanliness. By abiding by these recommendations, an individual should find a reputable practitioner and help to minimise the associated risk of receiving a tattoo or permanent makeup procedure.

Are There Any Side Effects?

The most common side effects from obtaining a tattoo or piercing are:

  • Redness.
  • Burning.
  • Swelling.

Whilst these side effects usually reduce drastically within several days of the index procedure, complications can occur. Particularly if considerations towards cleanliness before, during, or after the procedure are disregarded.

Other side effects that may occur as a result of receiving a tattoo or after undergoing a permanent makeup procedure include:

  • Bloodborne diseases (e.g. HIV).
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Keloid scaring.
  • Skin infections.
  • Interference with an MRI scan.


The common side effects caused by tattoos can often be treated at home. The specific aftercare for tattoo procedures will vary depending on the placement of the tattoo and the preferences of the tattoo artists themselves, but it is usually recommended that the localised area is kept clean and dry for around 48 hours.

The skin will then need to be washed and moisturised once or twice daily as to lessen uncomfortable symptoms and reduce the chance of infection.

If you experience any adverse reactions to a tattoo-based procedure, it is recommended that you visit a medical professional who will be able to assess your symptoms and conduct any necessary tests and/or prescribe any necessary medications.

Long-term Complications Prognosis

From the long-term health risks associated with infections or bloodborne diseases, to the permanent scarring and/or visible disfigurement of a tattoo-gone-wrong, it’s understandable that the long-term complications of the adverse side effects from tattoos can be both psychically and psychologically unpleasant.



How Do I Make a Claim?

If you have experienced any of the symptoms discussed as a result of anti-aging injections, you should first seek medical advice.

If you wish to pursue a claim, we will require details, where possible, of the practitioner or company who carried out the procedure, details of the dates this was undertaken and details of what symptoms you are experiencing.

We would also advise that you report the side effects to the practitioner or company who carried out the procedure. We can then assess the prospects of your claim and look to obtain compensation for the injury.

How Long Will My Case Take to Run?

Given the complexities involved in pursuing Cosmetic claims, they can often take 18-24 months to conclude and longer if Court proceedings have to be issued. Our investigations start by obtaining all relevant records and protocols before approaching independent medical experts for their opinion.  We will provide you with regular updates on the progress of your case to ensure that you are kept up to speed.

How Much is My Claim Worth?

It is often difficult to value Cosmetic Surgery claims at their outset given the complexities involved. However, we will pursue two forms of compensation for you:

  • General damages – An award of money for the pain and suffering you have endured as a result of your injuries.
  • Special damages – An award of money for all your out of pocket expenses such as travel expenses, medication costs, loss of earnings, treatment costs, both past and future. This list is not exhaustive and is very case-specific.

Oakwood Solicitors Ltd


Why Use Oakwood Solicitors to Make Your Cosmetic Surgery Case?

We have a dedicated team of solicitors and paralegals who have many years’ experience between them in running cases of this nature. They are highly trained to deal with all aspects of cosmetic negligence.

AT Oakwood Solicitors, we want to ensure that clients are not overwhelmed by legal jargon, medical terms they don’t understand, and to allow the claims procedure to be as transparent as possible.

How is My Case Funded?

The majority of Cosmetic cases are funded by a Conditional Fee Agreement, more commonly known as a ‘no-win, no-fee’ agreement. This means that there will be nothing to pay upfront and nothing to pay if the claim has been lost. If you are successful in your claim, a deduction of 25% of damages will be taken to cover the success fee and the shortfall in legal fees.

It may also be the case that an After The Event (ATE) insurance policy will be obtained to cover the costs of expensive medical reports and investigations. If an ATE insurance policy has been obtained the cost of the same will be discussed with you at the appropriate point.

The cost of the ATE insurance policy is again taken from your damages and only payable if you are successful with your claim.

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If you have been negatively affected by a tattoo or other permanent make-up procedure, get in touch today for a free initial consultation. Choose one of the methods on the right-hand side of this page, or call us on 0113 200 9787 to find out how we can help you.

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